Salmon mainly live in the waters of the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean and the Arctic Ocean. Salmon is an anadromous, cold-water fish that lives in both freshwater and seawater. Salmon meat is usually orange to red. The natural colour of salmon comes from carotenoid pigments, mainly astaxanthin and canthaxanthin. Wild salmon obtain these carotenoids from consuming krill and other small shellfish.
Salmon is famous for its delicious taste and high nutrient contents. It is a good resource for omega-3 fatty acids and protein. Salmon also provides vitamins, including vitamin B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9 and B12. It also contains a good amount of potassium and selenium. Moreover, salmon is loaded with antioxidant astaxanthin. Consuming salmon is associated with many health benefits. It may reduce the risk of heart disease, help control weight, help fight inflammation and protect brain health.