Sea cucumber is commonly found in benthic areas and deep seas all over the world. It has an oblong shape and leathery skin, and it is named for its cucumber-like appearance.
Sea cucumber has a gelatinous texture and bland taste, however, it can well soak the flavour of sauce and spices that you used to cook it with. It is usually eaten raw, boiled, fried, or pickled. People also love to add sea cucumber to soup or congee, for extra umami and nutrients.
Due to the high nutritional value, sea cucumber is considered a delicacy in many different dishes, especially in China and other Asian countries. It is rich in vitamins and minerals including vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc and etc. Sea cucumber also has a variety of biological and pharmacological activities, including anti-angiogenesis, anti-cancer, anticoagulation, anti-hypertension, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antioxidant, antithrombotic, anti-tumour and wound healing.